Prof. Dr. AYED Zakarneh


Prof. Dr. AYED Zakarneh

Dean of Gradute Studies, Hebron University


Salama was born in 1963 in Jenin-Palestine, he got his BSc. and Master degree in plant production from Jordan University and his PhD in range science from New Mexico State University in 1993. Currently he is the Dean of Graduate Studies and Academic Research at Hebron University-Palestine. During his work he taught several courses for undergraduate and graduate students in plant production and in range science, and he conducted many research including rangeland improvement and development, natural plant biodiversity, water harvesting, nutritional value of rangeland plants, watershed management, rangeland management, and conservation of wild plant genes in Palestine. Salama have many published papers in local and international scientific journal and attended many local and international conferences. Currently he is interested in researches related to soil and water conservation through applying different water harvesting techniques to improve the productivity of rangeland vegetation, fruit trees and rain fed agriculture. 

Office No.
+972 (2) 2220995 ex: 0097222220996 ext. 237
Hebron University, P.O.Box: 40, Hebron, West-Bank, Palestine.


Institution                                             Major                 Minor                   Degree

1- Jordan University                         Plant Production     --------------------   B.Sc. 1985.

2- Jordan University                        Plant Production    --------------------    M.Sc. 1988.

3- New Mexico State University (USA) Range Science  Animal nutrition    Ph.D.1992.


Academic and Administrative Experience

1- Research assistant. Plant Production Department, Faculty of

    Agriculture, Jordan University.  1985- 1988.

2- Farm advisor, 1988 - 1990.

3- Assistant Professor, Collage of Agriculture, Hebron University, Hebron, 
    1993 - 2003 (experience in education, research and curriculum development).

4- Associate Professor, College of Agriculture, Hebron University, Hebron, 2003 – 2011.

5- Professor, College of Agriculture, Hebron University, Hebron, 20/2/2011.

6- Dean, College of Agriculture, Hebron University, January 1996 – September 2001,

     2004- August 2007 and August 2014- August 2018.

7-  Dean, Human Resource Development, Hebron University, September 2001 – July


8- Director of Quality Unit, Hebron University, April, 2005- April, 2006.

9- Coordinator for Master Program (Natural Resource Management), College of

     Graduate  Studies, Hebron University.

10- Principal investigator for several research projects about range land rehabilitation,  

    water and soil conservation, drought resistant tomato, post harvest grape and tomato

    quality, and  plant ecology.

11- National steering committee for Small Grant Program (SGP)/   

   UNDP/ GEF  project. From 1999 until 2015.

12- Palestinian Science and Technology Correspondence  in United Nation Convention 

      for Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

13- Member of the national committee for combating desertification. From 2010- until 


14- Editorial board for Hebron University Research Journal. 2014

15- Member of the scientific committee for the first international conference for climate 

      change in Palestine. 8-9/5/2017. Ramallah-Palestine.

16- Dean of College of Graduate Studies and Academic Research. September, 2018 –    

       until now.

17- The head of editorial board for Hebron University Research Journal. 2018

18- Steering committee member for Palestinian Agriculture Academic Cooperation 

      Project (PAAC). 2019 – 2021.

19- Steering committee member for Capacity Building in WASH and CSA Education and 

      Research project in Palestine  (OKP). 2019 -2022.




1.      Abo Omara, J. M., R.  Dayah, A. Ghaleb. 2012. Effects of different forms of olive cake on the performance and carcass quality of Awassi lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 171: 167– 172.

2.      Abo Omar, J. M., R. Dayah, and A. Mohammad. 2011. Effects of different dietary crude protein contents on growth performance and visceral organ mass in fattened Awassi lambs.  Revue De Medecine Veterinaire.


3.      Al-Adam M. and A. Mohammad. 2007. The effects of different vegetation cover on runoff and soil erosion. (Abstract) Conference: Balancing water scarcity and growing demands in agriculture, Jordan, 26-29, June, 2007.

4.      Al-Seekh, S. and A. Mohammad. 2008. Evaluation of two hydrological processes and soil characteristics under different climatic conditions at West   Bank, Palestine. Dirasat, Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 35, No. 3: 120-132.

5.      Al-Seekh, S. and A. Mohammad. 2009. The effect of water harvesting techniques on runoff, sedimentation, and soil properties. Environmental Management. Vol. 44, No. 1: 37-45.

6.      Al-Seekh, S. A. Mohammad,  Yousef  A.      Amro. 2009.  Effect of Grazing on Soil Properties at Southern Part of West Bank rangeland, Hebron University Research Journal Volume(4) No.(1), 2009, Pages 35-53.

7.      Alseekh, S., Itai Ofner, Tzili Pleban, Pasquale Tripodi, Francesco Di Dato, Maria Carmmareri, Ayed Mohammad, Silvana Grandillo, Alisdair R. Fernie1, Dani Zamir. 2013. Techniques & Applications: Resolution by recombinantion – breaking up introgressions of Solanum pennellii. Trends in Plant Science. 18: 536-538.

8.      Gur A, Semel Y, Osorio S, Friedmann M, Seekh S, Ghareeb B, Mohammad A, Pleban T, Gera G, Fernie AR, Zamir D (2009) . Yield quantitative trait loci from wild tomato are predominately expressed by the shoot. Theoretical and Applied Genetics (DOI 10.100/S00122-010-1456-9) open access at

9.      Mohammad, A. G. 2000. Vegetation cover and productivity of the rangeland in the southern parts of West Bank.  Bethlehem University Journal. 19: 75-87.

10.  Mohammad, A. G. 2004. Water harvesting in West Bank. Presented in: International Conference on Local Capacity Building for Healthy Watersheds, June 24 – 26, 2004. University of Wisconsin- Stevens Point. USA.

11.  Mohammad, A. G. 2005. Rangeland condition at Southern West Bank. Hebron University Research Journal. 2:42-53.

12.  Mohammad, A. G. 2008. Growth and Development of Range Plants in Southern West Bank. Hebron University Research Journal. Vol. (3), No. (2), pp. (1-21).

13.  Mohammad, A. G. 2008. The effect of slope aspect on soil and vegetation characteristics in Southern West Bank. Bethlehem University Journal, vol. 27: 10-25.

14.  Mohammad A. G. 2011. The impact of land reclamation on natural vegetation. Hebron  University Research Journal (A). Vol. (5). Pp. 77-91.

15.  Mohammad, A. G. and M. Al-Adam. 2010. The Impact of Vegetative Cover Type on Runoff and Soil Erosion Under Different Land Uses. Catena, 81: 97-103. 

16.  Mohammad A. G., and S. Al-Seekh. 2013. The effect of Sarcopoterium spinosum on soil and vegetation characteristics. Catena, 100: 10-14.

17.  Mohammad A. and S. Al-Seikh. 2007. Evaluation of soil moisture content and plant growth parameters under semi-circle bunds and V-shape water harvesting techniques. (Abstract) Conference: Balancing water scarcity and growing demands in agriculture, Jordan, 26-29, June, 2007.

18.  Mohammad, A. G., C. A. Ferrando, L. W. Murray, R. D. Pieper,  and J.  L. Wallace.   1996. Season and sex influences on botanical composition of cattle diets in southern New Mexico. J. Range Manage. 49: 204 - 208.

19.  Mohammad, A. G., R. D. Pieper, J. D. Wallace, J. L. Holechek, and  L. W. Murray.  1995.    Comparison of fecal analysis and rumen   evacuation techniques for sampling diet botanical composition  of  grazing cattle. J. Range  Manage.48: 202 - 205.

20.  Mohammad, A. G., A. Safi. 2019. Impacts of different water harvesting techniques on barley productivity under semi-arid conditions in Palestine. Hebron University Research Journal( A). Vol. 8: 66-88.

Mohsen, M. Abdelrazeq and A. Salama. 2022. The effect of soil moisture conservation techniques on almond seedling growth and survival rate. Desalination and Water Treatment, 275: 221–232. doi: 10.5004/dwt.2022.28916. 

21.  Muhammad, A.G., Suwwan, M.A. & Abu-Gharbieh, W.I. 1991. Silver thiosulphate effects on yield and growth of plastic house tomato in root-knot nematode infested soil. Emr. J. Agric. Sci., 3: 41-65.

22.  Qaryouti, M., Najdawi, O., Al-Abed, A., Naser, Z., Abdel Wali, M., Musalam, A., Rawashdeh, M., Arabiat, S. H., Shnikat, E., Mohammad, A., Basheer-Salimia, R., Allam, H., Farag, S., Zakaria, S., Fallik, E., Prigojin, I., Alkaai-Tuvia, S. H., Perzelan, Y. and Aharon, Z. 2012. Regional studies of pathogens development on stored tomato cultivars in the Middle East. Acta Horticulturae. (ISHS): Vol. 934: 363-370. 46.htm

23.  Rezq A Basheer-Salimia, Murad K Awad, Ayed G Salama, Saleh I Seikh, Jamil H Harb, and Yamen A Hamdan. 2012. Molecular Polymorphisms in Palestinian Figs (Ficus carica L.) as Revealed by Random Amplified

Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (accepted).

24.  Safriel, U., P.Berliner, A. Novoplansky, J. B. Laronne, A. Karnieli, I Moshe, A. Kharabsheh, A. G. Mohammad, and G. Kusek. 2011. Soil erosion-desertification and the Middle Eastern Anthroscapes. In: Sustainable land management, learning from the past for the future. By the editors Kapur S., H. Eswran, and W. E. H. Blum. Springer, New York  ISBN 98-3-642-14781-4. e-ISBN 98-3-642-14782-1. DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-14782-1.

25.  Salama A. G. 2021. Influence of Using Water Harvesting Techniques on Snake Melon (Cucumis melo L. var. flexuosus) Yield under Semiarid Conditions. Hebron University Research Journal (B). Vol.(10): 18-37.

26.  Salama A., and O. Aljoaba. 2008. Influence of excluding grazing on vegetation attributes at the Eastern slopes of West Bank. An-Najah Univ. J. Res.(N.Sc.) Vol. 22: 43-66.

27.  Samara H, Ma'en, Zakarneh G. Ayed, Dai'h A. Ra'ed, Manasrah M. Asad, Al-Auseileh A. Monther, Abd-Albaqee H. Mohammad, Qauasmeh M. Hussam, Al-Shakhreen G. Kamil, and Barakat S. Mais. 2005. Animal production. 11th class, Agriculture stream, part one. Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Curriculum Center.

28.  Samara H. Ma'en, Zakarneh G. Ayed, Dai'h A. Ra'ed, Manasrah M. Asad, Al- Auseileh A. Monther, Abd-Albaqee H. Mohammad, Qauasmeh M. Hussam, Al-Shakhreen G. Kamil, and Barakat S. Mais. 2005. Animal production. 11th class, Agriculture stream, part tow. Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Curriculum Center.  

29.  Tripodi P, Mäurer S, Seekh S, van Haaren MJJ, Mohammad A, Tanksley SD, Zamir D, Gebhardt C, Grandillo S (2008) A common anchored map based on a framework of COSII markers for potato and a set of tomato “exotic libraries”. 52° Convegno Annuale Padova 14-17 Settembre. ISBN 978-88-900622-8-5.

30.  Zakarneh G. Ayed,  Ma'en H. Samara, Dai'h A. Ra'ed, Manasrah Assad, Al- shekhreet Kamil, Sa'ireh Ahmad. 2006. Animal Production. 12th class,  Agriculture stream, 1st ed. Ministry of Education and Higher Education.  Curriculum Center.

Research Interests

1-      Dry land rehabilitation through water harvesting structures (the use of water harvesting techniques to improve the productivity of rangeland vegetation, field crops, fruit trees and rain-fed vegetable crops).

2-      Evaluating the efficiency of different water harvesting techniques on soil and water conservation and on natural plant characteristics.

3-      Rehabilitation of rangeland.

4-      Increasing Value Generation in the Palestinian Dairy Industry.

5-      Improving local Palestinian wheat and barley varieties for salt and drought resistance through mutation breeding and biotechnology.

Research and Academic visits


       1- Workshop Advances in Agriculture through plastic house technology. 
            Amman/ Jordan. March 16 to 18  , 1987.

       2- First Regional Symposium on Horticulture in Jordan and the 
           neighboring countries.  Amman/  Jordan . March 27 to 30, 1989.

       3- Society for Range Management meeting. Washington, DC. Jan. 
           12 - 17, 1991.

      4-  The regional conference about the Arabs integration in supporting the      

            role of the Institutes of Agricultural Education for the sustainable  

            agricultural development. Jordan, Amman, 15-18/12/1998.

      5-  Sharing in several Conferences and workshops about: 
           - Agricultural higher education.
            - Biodiversity, Rangeland Strategies and Desertification.

-          Water harvesting techniques.

      6-  3rd International Seminar on Watershed Management and Wingspread Conference

           on local capacity building for healthy watersheds, June 22 – July 7, 2004.    

           Wisconsin,  USA.

7-       2nd Solanacea workshop, Ischia, Italy. 25-29/September/2005.

8-       VI International Solanaceae Conference, Madison Wisconsin, July 23-27, 2006.

9-       Wingspread conference on planning for land use and healthy watershed. In Global Environmental Management Education center, University of Wisconsin- Stevens Point. September 25- 27, 2006. (member of the writing teem for the conference proceeding).

10-   International Seminar on Forest Administration and Management,

            March 30-April 19, 2008. Arizona, USA.

11-   The first Agricultural conference for the Union of Agricultural Engineers.

      Agriculture in Palestine: current situation and challenges. The title of

      Presentation: Soil, water, and natural vegetation in Palestine. 23/12/2009. An-

      Najah University-Nablus-Palestine.

12-   28th International Horticultural Congress, Lisbon, Portugal, 22-27 August, 2010.

13-   Organizing and coordinating the environmental conference for school student. Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine. 23/4/2014.

14-   Organizing and coordinating the Water harvesting research and application conference, Hebron University, April, 20, 2016.

15-   Organizing and coordinating field visit for the farmers and Agricultural Engineers about water harvesting techniques. Dura, June, 2/6/2016.

16-   Organizing and coordinating the second environmental conference for school student. Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine. 17/4/2017.

17-   Advanced Nursery Management Regional Exchange to Jordan, April 17-20, 2018